Category Archives: Uncategorized

To Save Life on Earth: Civil Resistance as a Moral Imperative

Presentation by Peter Nightingale, November 19, 2016, hosted by the Green Task Force of the Unitarian Universalist Congregation of South County.


This is the link to the PDF of the talk: To Save Life on Earth: Civil Resistance as a Moral Imperative.

In these times it might be good to remember the following quote from Howard Zinn’s A People’s History of the United States.

It was the new politics of ambiguity-speaking for the lower and middle classes to get their support in times of rapid growth and potential turmoil. The two-party system came into its own in this time. To give people a choice between two different parties and allow them, in a period of rebellion, to choose the slightly more democratic one was an ingenious mode of control. Like so much in the American system, it was not devilishly contrived by some master plotters; it developed naturally out of the needs of the situation.

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Questions on Woonsocket water for Burrillville power plant

At its meeting this Monday, October 3, the Woonsocket City Council will address the item “Power Plant – Woonsocket / Burrillville Facilities.”  This item is on the agenda at the request of Councilman Gendron. The meeting will start at 7:00 pm; follow this link for more details.

Burrillville Against Spectra Expansion (BASE) has this Facebook post:

Invenergy, the company that wants to build a massive fossil fuel power plant in Burrillville, is scrambling to find the water that they need to run the plant.

The BASE post asks people to call Woonsocket Mayor, Lisa Baldelli-Hunt, to express opposition to supplying water to Invenergy now that the Harrisville and Pascoag water districts have turned down Invenergy’s requests.


Woonsocket’s water has played a vital role in Burrillville’s power plant projects.  The 1988 final environmental impact statement about Ocean State Power, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) raised troubling questions.  The FERC report describes the route of a ten-mile long pipeline proposed at the time to cool Ocean State Power with water withdrawn from the Blackstone river.  The report makes the common-sense observation that:

The power plant would compete with other facilities for use of available surface water.

It continues to say that “sufficient water exists in the Blackstone River at Woonsocket to supply the water needed.”  That, of course, was way back in 1988, but this summer’s drought makes one wonder, certainly in the light of videos shot in Burrillville: “you can see the parade of water trucks pulling in.”  Follow this link for more on this.

The situation in Woonsocket is one of troubled waters.  Its water system is among the first built in this country, and dates back to shortly after the establishment of the Providence water system in 1866.  That Woonsocket has an aging water supply system is no news,—witness the title of this post of last March: “Cicilline plan would help city with new water plant:”

WOONSOCKET – Citing concerns regarding the safety and security of America’s water infrastructure, U.S. Rep. David N. Cicilline is requesting that this year’s federal funding bill direct the Army Corps of Engineers to prioritize aging wastewater management systems in financially distressed municipalities …

Aging Pipes Are Poisoning America’s Tap Water” reads an attention-grabbing headline of The Atlantic and it continues with:

Flint, Woonsocket, ...

Flint, Woonsocket, …?

In Flint, Michigan, lead, copper, and bacteria are contaminating the drinking supply and making residents ill.

If that were relevant to Rhode Island, wouldn’t you expect to hear it from our leadership  Maybe … maybe not. After all, we suffer under the bipartisan consensus that lets no crisis go to waste in the battle for the privatization of everything.  (If you do not know how that works, read Naomi Klein’s Shock Doctrine.)

Woonsocket has been losing industry and business for decades. In 2012, it was threatened by bankruptcy.  There is the “Diamond Hill Road big box exodus.”  Maybe, as a consequence, it has a water surplus, although the video shown above suggests otherwise.

California has a climate-change related drought, a problem exacerbated by Mother Nature’s deplorable lack of understanding of the human law:

California’s surface and underground water is all part of the same system, yet, surface water is generally considered a public good, while ground water is considered a private good. As such, two different legal systems regulate surface and groundwater in California.

In Rhode Island, the Department of Environmental Management regulates groundwater.  God only knows who regulates surface water.
Naïvely, one might expect the RI Water Resources Board to play a central role in the process that would permit Woonsocket to sell water to Invenergy.  Unfortunately, the water board has been reduced to a shadow of its former self.  Much of its expertise has been silently washed down the drain.  How convenient a coincidence for the privatization-solves-all-problems crowd!

So if it’s not the Water Resources Board, who would give Woonsocket it’s permit?  It seems—see page 3-15 of this link—that the Rhode Island Public Utility Commission (RIPUC) once again plays a vital role in deciding the fate of Rhode Island people threatened by poverty, public heath and austerity.  Governor Raimondo supports the Burrillville power plant and that RIPUC members are gubernatorial appointees.  That, of course, gives us great confidence in the process. Yeah, right!

There you have it, the background of a potentially toxic water deal with Invenergy, a deal Woonsocket may not be in a position to refuse. Fragmented regulatory authority, the “absurd legal partitioning of Nature,” and dividing the people against ourselves are but time-honored business opportunities for global corporations.

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Radioactive waste and environmental racism in Denver, CO

This post was prompted by a post of Sharon Kelly’s in DeSmogBlog. The title says it all: “Western State Regulators Struggling to Keep up with Radioactive Fracking and Drilling Waste: New Report.”

The following is from Craig Collin’s TOXIC LOOPHOLES, Failures and Future Prospects for Environmental Law.  It paints a “somewhat disconcerting” picture of the Environmental Protection Agency. Yes, that is the selfsame agency that will oversee the #CleanPowerPlan.

The Shattuck Chemical Company, located in Denver’s working class neighborhood of Overland Park, had been listed as a superfund site since 1983. After years of pushing the EPA to remove the tons of radioactive waste located at the site, the EPA finally agreed that removal was the only remedy that would adequately ensure the health and safety of the community.

But suddenly, without explanation or consultation with the residents of Overland Park, the EPA reversed itself and announced a new plan. Labeled the “mound and cap” method, this plan consisted of piling half a million cubic yards of radioactive waste inside a concrete block and sealing it with a clay cap. The result would be a giant 17 foot high monolith filled with radioactive waste right in the middle of Overland Park.

Overland Park residents felt betrayed and outraged. The plan was angrily opposed by the neighborhood, the mayor of Denver, the Governor of Colorado and Republican Senator Wayne Allard. Allard encouraged citizens to contact the Ombudsman’s Office.
In 1999, Martin and Kaufman initiated their investigation and concluded that the “mound and cap” plan was faulty, dangerous and not the normal procedure for dealing with this type of problem. Then they launched an inquiry into why the EPA had abruptly reneged on its removal agreement.

They found that EPA’s reversal came after a series of secret meetings between high level EPA officials and the attorneys representing Shattuck Chemical Company, the party liable for cleaning the site. In addition, the ombudsman’s investigation forced EPA officials to concede that they purposely misled the public about the safety and stability of the concrete container that would degenerate and leak radioactive waste much sooner than they originally claimed. Public outrage prompted the agency to scrap the “mound and cap” plan and restore the removal policy.

Removing the radioactive soil and hauling it to a hazardous waste disposal site was a much more expensive remedy. So Shattuck Chemical and its parent company, Citigroup, pressured the EPA to reduce their cleanup liability and use taxpayer dollars to make up the difference. Before these negotiations were finalized, President Bush appointed Christie Todd Whitman to head up the EPA.

Citigroup was the very first firm listed on Whitman’s “Public Finance Disclosure Form.” She and her husband owned about $250,000 of Citigroup stock. In addition, Whitman’s husband, who worked for Citigroup for 15 years, had recently become managing partner in a venture capital firm (Sycamore Ventures) in which Citigroup was a principle investor. Clearly, any involvement by Whitman in the negotiations between EPA and Citigroup Shattuck would be a serious conflict of interest.

Reading this I wondered what this “working class neighborhood” looks like. So I consulted the EPA’s EJSCREEN: Environmental Justice Screening and Mapping Tool

Bar graph of Demographic Indicators of neighborhood in Denver, CO

Bar graph of Demographic Indicators of neighborhood in Denver, CO

Here is the explanation of the percentiles listed in the bar graph.  Higher than the 50th percentile means that the community is over-represented for this index.

  1. A Demographic Index is based on the average of two demographic indicators; Percent Low-Income and Percent Minority.
  2. Percent Low-Income: The percent of a block group’s population in households where the household income is less than or equal to twice the federal “poverty level.”
  3. Percent Minority: The percent of individuals in a block group who list their racial status as a race other than white alone and/or list their ethnicity as Hispanic or Latino. That is, all people other than non-Hispanic white-alone individuals. The word “alone” in this case indicates that the person is of a single race, not multiracial.
  4. Less than high school education: Percent of people age 25 or older in a block group whose education is short of a high school diploma.
  5. Linguistic isolation: Percent of people in a block group living in linguistically isolated households. A household in which all members age 14 years and over speak a non-English language and also speak English less than “very well” (have difficulty with English) is linguistically isolated.
  6. Individuals under age 5: Percent of people in a block group under the age of 5.
  7. Individuals over age 64: Percent of people in a block group over the age of 64.​ 
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47 Groups Sponsor Rally Outside Governors’ Energy Summit


47 Groups Sponsor Rally Outside Governors’ Energy Summit – Call for Renewable Energy Future
Go to @StopNEdirect on Twitter for open source pictures

Hartford, CT – This morning, Connecticut Governor Dannel Malloy hosted an energy summit of five New England governors to address energy challenges facing the region. As the governors met, community leaders from across New England gathered outside to express their discontent with a decision-making process that has been entirely closed to citizen input, and to spell out what a sane and healthy energy future would look like.

“I traveled two hours to be here and hope that my Governor Baker knows we came”, said Linda Haley from Salem Massachusetts, “We need our governors to be working together on how to upgrade our electric grid, repair leaks in existing gas lines, double down on energy efficiency, and put us on track to get to 100% clean renewable energy,” according to Haley of Healthlink and 350Mass “New England families should not be forced to pay to build any new or expanded fossil-fuel infrastructure.”

Huge corporations have proposed new fossil-fuel power plants and pipelines all over New England, sparking fierce resistance from local residents concerned about public health, climate change, and environmental degradation. Over the last year, grassroots groups have formed several new cross-state coalitions in order to fight proposed fossil-fuel infrastructure in a unified way.

“I got the wake up call when Kinder Morgan proposed to build a pipeline in my neighborhood. My group, StopNED, is connecting across state lines just like the Governors are,” commented Cathy Kristofferson from Ashby, Massachusetts, “I live in Massachusetts, but I’m now connected to concerned residents across the region who want to see real solutions for our sustainable energy future.”

In a press release from Connecticut Governor Malloy, the governors’ meeting was described as a “private roundtable where the governors will discuss common solutions to energy challenges facing the region…”.

“New England has become a prime target for sale of highly radioactive fracked gas from the shale fields of Pennsylvania and elsewhere. Our region is being assaulted with hazardous pipeline projects, toxic compressor stations and an alarming increase in antiquated energy infrastructure that will keep us bound to dirty energy sources. It’s time for New England leaders to finally turn their backs on polluting fossil fuels of the past and invest now in clean, safe renewable energy of the present.” Jen Siskind, local coordinator Food & Water Watch Connecticut.

“While the governors have private roundtables, I am seeing concerned citizens gathering in living rooms to discuss real visionary solutions,” said Claire Miller, an organizer with the regional group Toxics Action Center. “Today’s action is a grassroots collaboration of 38 groups, from folks living along the Kinder Morgan and Spectra pipelines to dirty power plants and this was with only three days notice. I hope the governors know that this is the tip of the iceberg.”

“Rhode Island governor Gina Raimondo talks about green energy as she completely contradicts herself by aligning with fracked gas,” pointed out Peter Nightingale of Occupy Providence. “She continues the policy of her predecessor, who met with New England States Committee on Electricity (NESCOE) behind closed doors to expand the fracked gas infrastructure without seriously considering green alternatives.”

“Connecticut is pushing homeowners and businesses to convert to gas to create 280,000 new customers for the gas companies. Meanwhile, these conversions are funded in part by us and involve building 900 miles of new intrastate pipeline through our state. More than half the gas going across Connecticut is destined for export, so these are customers just to pick up what’s leftover. This energy plan that Governor Malloy advocates doesn’t make sense. The winter of 2014 was colder than the winter of 2013, yet the cost of energy went down without more gas pipeline.” Martha Klein, Connecticut Chapter Sierra Club, Communications Chair.


NEW ENGLAND WIDE: Toxics Action Center, Food & Water Watch, New England Regional Environmental Ministries, Mothers Out Front MA: Grassroots Against Another Salem Power Plant, Climate Justice at Boston College, StopNED (Northeast Energy Direct), The LEAH Advocacy Group, Westfield Concerned Citizens, West Roxbury Quarry Neighbors for a Fossil Fuel Free Future, Massachusetts Conference, United Church of Christ, MA Interfaith Power & Light, Climate Action NOW (Western MASS), Massachusetts Climate Action Network, Plainfield Opposition to the Pipeline, No Fracked Gas in Mass, Berkshire Environmental Action Team (BEAT), Northfield Pipeline Awareness, North Quabbin Pipeline Action, Boston Climate Action Network, Move On Pioneer Valley, Unitarian Universalist Mass Action Network, Arise for Social Justice, Boston University Students for a Just and Stable Future, The Enviro Show, WXOJ & WMCB, Better Future Project, 350 Massachusetts for a Better Future, Compressor and Pipeline Opposition in Windsor MA, Springfield Climate Justice  Coalition, Nashoba Conservation Trust, CT: CT Coalition for Environmental Justice, Capitalism Vs. the Climate, Connecticut Chapter Sierra Club, RI: Fossil Free Rhode Island, Occupy Providence, Rhode Island Student Climate Coalition, NH: 350NH, STOP THE NH PIPELINE, NH Pipeline Awareness Network,  Winchester Pipeline Awareness, 350 Maine, Community Water Justice, NY: Stop Algonquin Pipeline Expansion (SAPE), Coalition to Protect New York, Frackbusters NY, VT: Just Power in VT, Rutland Area Climate Coalition

Go to @StopNEdirect on Twitter for open source pictures

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Public utilities in Nebraska

Nebraska has a community-owned electricity generation system.

“A common concern with public ownership of larger scale [electricity generation] systems is that it can lead to inefficiency, unaccountability, and bureaucracy.”

Aren’t we lucky that in RI the National Grid-PUC axis of kindness guarantees complete accountability and price efficiency?


Yeah, yeah, yeah, I know, they’re accountable to <a href=”” target=”_blank”>British CEOs</a>

But, hey, say what you will, the efficiency of free enterprise is priceless!

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Week of Respect and Resistance — links

  1. Capital

    ALBANY—Environmental groups from four states have formed a coalition to oppose Spectra’s proposed Algonquin Incremental Market pipeline.

    The Spectra pipeline is an expansion of an existing pipeline. Environmentalists oppose the expansion because they say it could increase reliance on fossil fuels. Community groups have opposed it because it crosses through the Indian Point nuclear plant property.

  2. RI Future

    Burrillville, Wakefield, RI; Danbury, CT; West Roxbury, MA – Grassroots groups from four states along the proposed route of Spectra Energy’s Algonquin Incremental Market (AIM) pipeline expansion, which cuts through New York, Connecticut, Massachusetts, and Rhode Island, have joined together to host a coordinated “Week of Respect and Resistance” with actions from December 13 through December 19 in opposition to the project.

  3. Popular Resistance

    Grassroots groups from four states along the proposed route for Spectra’s Algonquin Incremental Market (AIM) pipeline expansion, which cuts through New York, Connecticut, Massachusetts, and Rhode Island, have joined together to host a coordinated “Week of Respect and Resistance”, with actions from December 13 – December 19 in opposition to the project.

  4. ecoRInewsAltFoodCoop-12-13-2014

    Fossil Free RI has urged the state Department of Health to halt the compressor station project based on elevated reports of asthma near the facility. Fossil Free Rhode RI kicked off the week of protest Dec. 13 in Wakefield, during an event at the Alternative Food Co-op on Main Street.

  5. NBC 10 News

    The push for the pipeline, according to Spectra, is to reduce dependence on foreign fuels and reduce costs to you. The activists think otherwise, citing the billions made by the energy companies and their track record on the environment.

    “Let’s get the corporations that make money out of this whole loop, and we won’t have the problem that we’re talking about right now,” …

  6. Huffington Post  (This article originally appeared on Moms Clean Air Force)

    • On the ground fighters for environmental justice like Helen Slottje, Hilton Kelley, Ana Baptista, Peter Nightingale, and faith leaders of all religions.

    • Every individual who understands that the future of our children and grandchildren depends on what we do now, and is striving to make a difference.

    Bring on 2015, I’m ready for it!

  7. Between The Lines

    Activists are participating in rallies, visits to the offices of elected officials to urge them to oppose the project and non-violent civil disobedience actions where they’ll risk arrest.

  8. Popular Resistance

    Police arrested two protesters this morning who chained themselves to a mock ‘bridge to nowhere’ and blocked the driveway to Spectra Energy’s methane gas compressor station in Cromwell. The demonstrators opposed Spectra’s proposed pipeline expansion, which would expand this compressor station, among others.
    “When politicians say fracked gas is a bridge fuel, they ignore the fact that fracking and gas pipelines cause enormous damage to drinking water, air quality, forests, and communities. Some scientific research shows that gas is even worse for the climate than coal and oil are,” said Dan Fischer, a member of Capitalism vs. the Climate who was arrested today.

  9. IWW Environmental Union CaucusWellBeBack

    Fracked gas isn’t a ‘bridge fuel’ to a clean energy future – it’s a roadblock!

    Vittorio (Vic) Lancia, another member of Capitalism vs. the Climate who was arrested today, said that “Fossil fuel and nuclear companies are destroyers of the world, society, and life itself. We must witness. We must resist. Now. Time is short.” Dan Fisher further said, “If the authorities don’t stop Spectra’s pipeline expansion, then we will be back with more people and more resolve to stop it ourselves.”

  10. Protecting Our WatersWhitehouseDec-16-2014

    ALBANY — The Cuomo administration announced Wednesday that it would ban hydraulic fracturing in New York State, ending years of uncertainty by concluding that the controversial method of extracting gas from deep underground could contaminate the state’s air and water and pose inestimable public-health risks.

    “Folks in Rhode Island and DC are occupying the offices of Senator Sheldon Whitehouse until he drops his support of Spectra’s fracked-gas pipeline expansion. Some people are ready to be arrested.”

  11. RI Future

    Senator Whitehouse sees methane as a bridge fuel, despite scientific evidence that it is, in fact, no cleaner than coal. Continuing our reliance on dirty energy harms communities everywhere and the laws of nature require that we be well on our way to a transition to green energy within this decade.

  12. Providence Journal

    PROVIDENCE, R.I. — A dozen environmental activists held a sit-in demonstration at the Rhode Island office of U.S. Sen. Sheldon Whitehouse on Tuesday to urge him to come out against the expansion of natural gas pipelines in Burrillville and elsewhere in New England.

  13. RI Future

    That really made my day as I thought of the motto of the People’s Climate Movement: “To change everything we need everybody.”  And, yes, that includes not only the police, but also Senator Whitehouse, his staff, and all of those whom we hope to welcome in our midst once they will have freed themselves of the chains of predator capitalism.   Please help us to make that happen, but remember that time is running out: we are in Decade Zero of the climate crisis.

  14. Youtube

  15. GoLocalProv: Side of the Rhode: Who’s hot and who’s not

    Whitehouse can’t have his cake and eat it too.

  16. Popular ResistanceSpectra-Energy-Shutdown-Tripod-e1418948246960

    On Wednesday morning a group of New Englanders were arrested for occupying and shutting down the offices of Spectra Energy to protest the company’s plans to expand a network of fracked gas pipelines in the region.

    The group deployed multiple banners demanding funders divest from Spectra Energy due to the impacts of the company’s projects to local communities and the climate, with one of them hanging from a 24 foot tripod and refusing to leave.

    “As long as Spectra is committed to the business of devastating local health and the climate, we’re committed to disrupting their business.”

  17. Youtube
    As part of FANG’s (Fighting Against Natural Gas) “A Week of Respect and Resistance,” Flood Boston, along with members of Co-op Power and West Roxbury community members, MA organized a cantahistoria to debunk the myths surrounding natural gas.

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Climate zombies in the Providence Journal

Interesting timing:

First, as part of the Week of Respect and Resistance to #StopSpectra, we blow Sheldon Whitehouse “climate champion” cover:



Then, the ProJo interviews our hero, the defender of Wall Street’s shale gas and oil bubble:

Next, I respond:

Finally, the climate zombies come out in full force with their comments.

But I can’t think for you
You’ll have to decide
Whether Sheldon Whitehouse
Has the Pope on his side

Add your voice to the mêlée!

Happy New Year!

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Methane: Just Another Excuse for Business as Usual

The federal administration is still wedded to it 2012 State of the Union message of one hundred years of methane.  This excuse for facing economic and ecological facts is nothing short of an ecocidal scam.

Here is what Richard Heinberg has to say in his Snake Oil: How Fracking’s False Promise of Plenty Imperils Our Future


  • Hydraulic fracturing technology has a strong environmental track record.


  • Fracking consumes millions of gallons of freshwater, pollutes groundwater and air, and— thanks to leaking methane— may contribute more to climate change than burning coal.
  • An EPA report demonstrated that fracking wastewater is too radioactive to be dealt with safely by municipal treatment plants.
  • One study showed that average methane concentrations in water wells near active fracking sites were 17 times higher than in wells in inactive areas.
  • Fracking can lead to ozone pollution, which inflames lung tissues, causing coughing, chest pain, and asthma. Children and the elderly suffer the most.

Climate science has the following to add to this. The global mean temperature increase is determined by the sum total of carbon dioxide emissions added up over the globe since the beginning of the industrial era.[1]

Humanity has to live within a finite carbon emission budget. To remain within our limits, we have to cut emissions by 6% per year globally, starting today.  If we continue business as usual, the budget will be exhausted by 2027. After that, continued emissions will lead self-amplifying, possibly run-away consequences beyond humanity’s control.[2] This will add to the irreversible changes we have already triggered, such as the unstoppable collapse of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet.

With respect to the greenhouse effect of methane, the federal administration’s claim that “[b]urning natural gas is about one-half as carbon-intensive as coal” is highly misleading.

Burning is only the final step of the energy productions. One has to account for leakage of  methane, a vastly more potent greenhouse gas than CO2, during extraction and transportation.  On the whole, as mentioned by Heinberg, the greenhouse gas footprint per unit of usable energy of shale gas is likely to be considerably greater than that of coal or diesel oil.[3]

The planned methane pipeline expansions [4] ignore all of the above and are unacceptable. The only one way to break our addiction to the capitalist model of infinite growth on a finite globe, and to ward off climate chaos is to say no to fossil fuels, now!

New England’s governors and US Senators are in denial of this reality with their support of Spectra Energy Corporation’s Algonquin Incremental Market (AIM) Project.

We have a monumental disconnect between words and deeds: all New England governors sign on to methane pipeline expansion while they talk about the global climate as if they understand what’s going on. See attachment B of this link.  The same applies to the New England’s US Senators, with the possible exception of the Massachusetts delegation.

Meanwhile, the federal administration just issued its National Climate Assessment National Climate Assessment, which acknowledges that:

Climate change, once considered an issue for a distant future, has moved firmly into the present. Corn producers in Iowa, oyster growers in Washington State, and maple syrup producers in Vermont are all observing climate-related changes that are outside of recent experience. So, too, are coastal planners in Florida, water managers in the arid Southwest, city dwellers from Phoenix to New York, and Native Peoples on tribal lands from Louisiana to Alaska. This National Climate Assessment concludes that the evidence of human-induced climate change continues to strengthen and that impacts are increasing across the country.

At the same time, the very same Wall Street-owned administration fast-tracks “a $3.8 billion facility (12 times the cost of the NFL Ravens stadium) ‘to liquefy gas from all across Appalachia.”

Clearly, we are still in the grip of the bipartisan “drill, baby, drill” rhetoric, which perpetuates and exacerbates our dirty-energy addiction.

The risks of ignoring these energy challenges are immense. Developed nations like the United States consume (on a per capita basis) four times as much energy as China and seventeen times as much as India. Most of the future growth in energy consumption is projected to occur in the developing world. Constraints in energy supply are certain to strain future international relations in unpredictable ways and threaten U.S. and global economic and political stability. The sooner the real problems are recognized by political leaders, the sooner real solutions to our long term energy problem can be implemented.[5]

To those who are not willfully blinded by the National Media Propaganda Complex the conclusion must be obvious: we are dealing with a serious disconnect between words and deeds.

Ye shall know them by their fruits!


[1] H. D. Matthews, N. P. Gillett, P. A. Stott, and K. Zickfeld, The proportionality of global warming to cumulative carbon emissions, Nature 459, 829 (2009) .
[2] James Hansen et. al, Assessing “Dangerous Climate Change”: Required Reduction of Carbon Emissions to Protect Young People, Future Generations and Nature;  also see this short version.
[3] Robert W. Howarth,Renee Santoro, Anthony Ingraffea, Methane and the greenhouse-gas footprint of natural gas from shale formations
[4] US Energy Information Administration, What is shale gas and why is it important?
[5] Drill, Baby, Drill: Can Unconventional Fuels Usher in a New Era of Energy Abundance? J. David Hughes

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Featured Links Updated (May 2014)

Featured Links of May 2014

  • National Climate Assessment

    Climate change, once considered an issue for a distant future, has moved firmly into the present. Corn producers in Iowa, oyster growers in Washington State, and maple syrup producers in Vermont are all observing climate-related changes that are outside of recent experience. So, too, are coastal planners in Florida, water managers in the arid Southwest, city dwellers from Phoenix to New York, and Native Peoples on tribal lands from Louisiana to Alaska. This National Climate Assessment concludes that the evidence of human-induced climate change continues to strengthen and that impacts are increasing across the country.

    We know the truth about climate chaos and yet, “led” by spineless politicians peddling snake oil, we continue business as usual.

Featured Links of April 2014

  • Arctic Sea Ice Minimum Volumes 1979-2012

    This is an animated visualization of the startling decline of Arctic Sea Ice, showing the minimum volume reached every September since 1979, set on a map of New York with a 10km grid to give an idea of scale. It is clear that the trend of Arctic sea ice decline indicates that it’ll be ice-free for an increasingly large part of the year, with consequences for the climate.

  • Time history of atmospheric carbon dioxide from 800,000 years before until Jan 2014

    The unprecedented fossil fuel experiment supported, among others, by the investments of the State of Rhode Island and its Institutions of Higher Learning. Indeed, as Nietzsche noted: “Insanity in individuals is something rare – but in groups, parties, nations and epochs, it is the rule.” Welcome to the asylum called Global Capitalism.

For more follow this link.

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